# End of Year Expectations

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 1**

**Reading**

- Identify which words appear again and again
- Recognise and join in with predictable phrases
- Relate reading to own experiences
- Re-read if reading does not make sense
- Re-tell with considerable accuracy
- Discuss significance of title and events
- Make predictions on basis of what has been read
- Make inferences on basis of what is being said and done
- Read aloud with pace and expression, i.e. pause at full stop; raise voice for questions
- Recognise
- Capital letters
- Full stops
- Question marks
- Exclamation marks
- Ellipsis

- Know why the writer has used the above punctuation in a text
- Know difference between fiction and non-fiction texts

**Writing**

- Write clearly demarcated sentences
- Use ‘and’ to join ideas
- Use conjunctions to join sentences (e.g. so, but)
- Use standard forms of verbs, e.g. go/went
- Introduce use of:

- Capital letters
- Full stops
- Question marks
- Exclamation marks

- Use capital letters for names and personal pronoun ‘I’
- Write a sequence of sentences to form a short narrative (as introduction to paragraphs)
- Use correct formation of lower case – finishing in right place
- Use correct formation of capital letters
- Use correct formation of digits

**Mathematics**

- Count to and across 100, forwards & backwards from any number
- Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals and words
- Read and write numbers to 100 in numerals
- Say 1 more/less to 100
- Count in multiples of 2, 5 & 10
- Use bonds and subtraction facts to 20
- Add & subtract 1 digit & 2 digit numbers to 20, including zero
- Solve one-step multiplication and division using objects, pictorial representation and arrays
- Recognise half and quarter of object, shape or quantity
- Sequence events of day, week, month and year
- Tell time to hour & half past

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 2**

**Reading**

- Secure with year group phonic expectations
- Recognise simple recurring literacy language
- Read ahead to help with fluency and expression
- Comment on plot, setting & characters in familiar & unfamiliar stories
- Recount main themes and events
- Comment on structure of the text
- Use commas, question marks and exclamation marks to vary expression
- Read aloud with expression and intonation
- Recognise
- Commas in lists
- Apostrophe of omission and possession (singular noun)

- Identify past/present tense and why the writer has used tense
- Use content and index to locate information

**Writing**

- Write different kinds of sentence: statement, question, exclamation, command
- Use expanded noun phrases to add description and specification
- Write using subordination (when, if, that, because) and co-ordination (or, and, but)
- Correct and consistent use of present tense & past tense
- Correct use of verb tenses
- Write with correct and consistent use of:
- Capital letters
- Full stops
- Question marks
- Exclamation marks

- Use commas in a list
- Use apostrophe to mark omission and singular possession in nouns
- Write lower case letters correct size relative to one another
- Show evidence of diagonal and horizontal strokes to join handwriting

**Mathematics**

- Compare and order numbers up to 100 and use < > =
- Read and write all numbers to 100 in digits & words
- Say 10 more/less than any number to 100
- Count in steps of 2, 3 & 5 from zero and in 10’s from any number (forwards and backwards)
- Recall and use multiplication & division facts for 2, 5 & 10 tables
- Recall and use +/- facts to 20
- Derive and use related facts to 100
- Recognise place value of any 2-digit number
- Add & subtract;
- 2-digit nos & ones
- 2-digit nos & tens
- Two 2-digit nos
- Three 1-digit nos

- Recognise and use inverse (+/-)
- Calculate and write multiplication & division calculations using multiplication tables
- Recognise, find, name and write 1/3; 1/4; 2/4; 3/4
- Write and recognise equivalence of simple fractions
- Tell time to five minutes, including quarter past/to

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 3**

**Reading**

- Comment on the way characters relate to one another
- Know which words are essential in a sentence to retain meaning
- Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions
- Recognise how commas are used to give more meaning
- Recognise inverted commas
- Recognise

- Plurals
- Pronouns and how used
- Collective nouns
- Adverbs

- Explain the difference and the precise choice of adjectives and verbs

**Writing**

- Use conjunctions (when, so, before, after, while, because)
- Use adverbs (e.g. then, next, soon)
- Use prepositions (e.g. before, after, during, in, because, of)
- Experiment with adjectives to create impact
- Correctly use verbs in 1
^{st}, 2^{nd}and 3^{rd}person - Use perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause
- Use inverted commas to punctuate direct speech
- Group ideas into basic paragraphs
- Write under headings and sub-headings
- Write with increasing legibility, consistency and fluency

**Mathematics**

- Compare & order numbers up to 1000
- Read & Write all numbers to 1000 in digits and words
- Find 10 or 100 more/less than a given number
- Count from 0 in multiples of 4, 8, 50 and 100
- Recall & use multiplication & division facts for 3, 4, 8 tables
- Recognise place value of any 3-digit number
- Add and subtract:
- 3-digit nos and ones
- 3-digit nos and tens
- 3-digit nos and hundreds

- Add and subtract numbers with up to 3-digits using written columnar method
- Estimate and use inverse to check
- Multiply 2-digit by 1-digit numbers
- Count up/down in tenths
- Compare and order fractions with same denominator with whole
- Tell time using 12 and 24 hour clocks; and using Roman numerals
- Tell time to nearest minute
- Know number of days in each month and number of seconds in a minute

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 4**

**Reading**

- Give a personal point of view on a text
- Re-explain a text with confidence
- Justify inferences with evidence, predicting what might happen from details stated or implied
- Use appropriate voices for characters within a story
- Recognise apostrophe of possession (plural)
- Identify how sentence type can be changed by altering word order, tenses, adding/deleting words or amending punctuation
- Explain why a writer has used different sentence types or a particular word order and the effect it has created
- Skim and scan to locate information and/or answer a question

**Writing**

- Vary sentence structure, using different openers
- Use adjectival phrases (e.g. biting cold wind)
- Use appropriate choice of noun or pronoun
- Use fronted adverbials
- Use apostrophe for plural possession
- Use a comma after fronted adverbial (e.g. later that day, I heard the bad news)
- Use commas to mark clauses
- Use inverted commas and other punctuation to punctuate direct speech
- Use paragraphs to organised ideas around a theme
- Use connecting adverbs to link to paragraphs
- Write with increasing legibility, consistency and fluency

**Mathematics**

- Count backwards through zero to include negative numbers
- Compare and order numbers beyond 1000
- Compare and order numbers with up to 2 decimal places
- Read Roman numerals to 100
- Find 1000 more/less than a given number
- Count in multiples of 6, 7, 9, 25 and 100
- Recall and use multiplication and division facts all tables to 12x12
- Recognise Place value of any 4-digit number

- Round any number to the nearest 10, 100 or 1000
- Round decimals with 1 decimal place to nearest whole number
- Add and subtract numbers with up to 4-digits using written columnar method
- Multiply
- 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers
- 3-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers

- Count up/down in hundredths
- Recognise and write equivalent fractions
- Add and subtract fractions with same denominator
- Read, write and convert time between analogue and digital 12 and 24 hour clocks

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 5**

**Reading**

- Summarise main points of an argument or discussion within reading and make up own mind about issue/s
- Compare between two texts
- Appreciate that people use bias in persuasive writing
- Appreciate how two people may have a different view on the same event
- Draw inferences and justify with evidence from the text
- Vary voice for direct or indirect speech
- Recognise clauses within sentences
- Explain how and why a writer has used clauses to add information to a sentence
- Use more than one source when carrying out research
- Create a set of notes to summarise what has been read

**Writing**

- Add phrases to make sentences more precise and detailed
- Use range of sentence openers – judging the impact or effect needed
- Begin to adapt sentence structure to text type
- Use pronouns to avoid repetition
- Indicate degrees of possibility using adverbs 9e.g. perhaps, surely) or modal verbs (e.g. might, should, will)
- Use the following to indicate parenthesis
- Brackets
- Dashes
- Comma

- Use commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity
- Link clauses in sentences using a range of subordinating and coordinating conjunctions
- Use verb phrases to create subtle differences (e.g. she began to run)
- Consistently organise into paragraphs
- Link ideas across paragraphs using adverbials of time (e.g. later), place (e.g. nearby) and number (e.g. secondly)
- Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed

**Mathematics**

- Count forwards and backwards with positive and negative numbers through zero
- Count forwards/backwards in steps of powers of 10 for any given number up to 1,000,000
- Compare and order numbers up to 1,000,000
- Compare and order numbers with 3 decimal places
- Read Roman numerals to 1000
- Identify all multiples and factors, including finding all factor pairs
- Use known tables to derive other number facts
- Recall prime numbers to 19
- Recognise and use square numbers and cube numbers
- Recognise place value of any number up to 1,000,000
- Round any number up to 1,000,000 to the nearest 10, 100, 1000, 10,000 or 100,000
- Round decimals with 2 decimal places to nearest whole number and 1 decimal place
- Add and subtract numbers with more than 4-digits using formal written method
- Use rounding to check answers
- Multiply 4-digit by 1-digit/2-digits
- Divide up to 4-digits by 1-digit
- Multiply& divide whole numbers 7 decimals by 10, 100 and 1000
- Recognise and use thousandths
- Recognise mixed numbers and improper fractions and convert from one to another
- Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers
- Identify and write equivalent fractions
- Solve time problems using timetables and converting between different units of time

**END OF YEAR EXPECTATIONS FOR YEAR 6**

**Reading**

- Refer to text to support opinions and predictions
- Give a view about choice of vocabulary, structure, etc.
- Distinguish between fact and opinion
- Appreciate how a set of sentences has been arranged to create maximum effect
- Recognise
- Complex sentences with more than one subordinate clause
- Phrases which add detail to sentences

- Explain how a writer has used sentences to create particular effects
- Skim and scan to aid note-taking

**Writing**

- Use subordinate clauses to write complex sentences

- Use passive voice when appropriate
- Use expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely (e.g. The fact that it was raining meant the end of sports day)
- Use a sentence structure and layout matched to requirements of text type
- Use semi-colon, colon or dash to mark the boundary between independent clauses
- Use colon to introduce a list and semi colon within a list
- Use correct punctuation of bullet points
- Use hyphens to avoid ambiguity
- Use full range of punctuation matched to requirements of text type
- Use wide range of devices to build cohesion within and cross paragraphs
- Use paragraphs to signal change in time, scene, action, mood or person
- Write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed

**Mathematics**

- Use negative numbers in context and calculate intervals across zero
- Compare and order fractions up to 10,000,000
- Identify common factors, common multiples and prime numbers
- Round any whole number to a required degree of accuracy
- Identify the value of each digit to 3 decimal places
- Use knowledge of order of operations to carry out calculations involving four operations
- Multiply 4-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers
- Divide 4-digit numbers by 2-digit numbers
- Add and subtract fractions with different denominators and mixed numbers
- Multiply simple pairs of proper fractions, writing the answer in the simplest form
- Divide proper fractions by whole numbers
- Calculate the percentage of a whole number